Protected areas, by their natural value and the low degree of human intervention in their territory, are the best examples and models for natural and semi-natural ecological systems.
Protected areas are still perceived by many people, only in their “conservationist” sense, being considered true “oases” of wild nature that must be protected only for the conservation of the species that populate them. Very little is recognized that the areas in natural and semi-natural regime are in fact the support of “life” and implicitly of socio-economic development.
Thus, protected areas have been created that conserve natural areas of the world, where human intervention is almost non-existent, but also areas where human intervention is present, as is the case with the modified landscapes that have a particular landscape and cultural importance. Thus, the forum that aimed to solve this difficult problem was the International Conservation Union (IUCN), which, through its mission, had the necessary competence to do so.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature seeks to influence, encourage and assist societies around the world in the process of preserving the integrity and diversity of nature, aiming for any use of natural resources to be fair and sustainable.
The database of protected areas created by the World Conservation Monitoring Center is updated periodically, approximately every three years to ensure the editing of a new edition of the United Nations Protected Area List.
Monitoring the growth of the global network of protected areas, their distribution and their management objectives are vital, but it is equally important to know the real state in which a certain protected area is found and, especially, how effective the management of the protected area is.
The total surface of the protected natural areas of the Republic of Moldova is about 5.8% of the surface of Moldova.