Convention on Biological Diversity

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is an international agreement adopted at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.

It has three main objectives:

• conservation of biological diversity

• use its components in a sustainable way

• fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.

The CBD was negotiated under the guidance of the United Nations. It was signed by state leaders in more than 150 countries at the Rio Earth Summit (the official name is “United Nations Conference on Environment and Development”). The convention is now one of the most widely ratified international environmental treaties, with 188 member states.

Unlike other international agreements that set binding targets and obligations, the CBD has a flexible approach to implementation. It identifies general objectives and policies, and countries are free to determine how they want to implement them.

One of the most important achievements of CBD to date has been to increase interest in biodiversity, both in developed and developing countries. Biodiversity is now seen as a topic of major and developing importance.

If you are interested in knowing how Romania implements the provisions of the Convention on Biological Diversity, please navigate to our “Implementation” section, where you will find information on the ratification process, responsible authorities, legislation, main documents and reports prepared for the Convention, and much more.